Recovery programs are sets of treatments, strategies and therapies that are used to help a recovering addict overcome their drug or alcohol addiction. These programs are designed using various treatment philosophies or models of treatment that provide structure and focus from these programs, as well as help with sequencing of treatments within the programs.
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The 12 steps are perhaps the most well-known form of addiction treatment and recovery in the United States today. These steps take recovering addicts through a process of emotional, mental, social, and behavioral recovery that proceed in a specific order. Many programs of recovery utilize these 12 steps in their program design in one way or another. While programs may not specifically state that they are 12-step programs, they will likely use them in their underlying structure.
There are additional models of recovery that may be used to design programs of recovery. Some of these models can include:
The cognitive/behavioral model of addiction recovery involves a person's thoughts, feelings, and of course, their behaviors and actions. In essence, the focus lies on the recovering addict's thoughts, emotions, and actions that contributed to the person developing a drug addiction and abuse problem as well as those thoughts and behaviors that could trigger future relapse. Working to identify these factors can help a recovering addict to then develop ways to cope and avoid triggers in the future and to become more self-aware in general.
Motivational Incentives Model
In the motivational incentives model of addiction recovery, the focus of treatment and recovery is on a person's motivation, both for substance abuse and for recovery and overcoming that addiction. When a person abuses a substance, their brain begins to only associate reward and motivation with the use and abuse of that substance. This shift in brain chemistry makes in very difficult for some people to overcome their addiction and substance abuse problem because their brain simply cannot find that reward motivation that it needs as an incentive.
Under this model of recovery, a drug or alcohol addict is offered tangible rewards like gift cards, movie tickets or the like to participate in an attend their addiction treatment sessions. This tangible, attainable reward is enough to trigger those reward centers in the brain and jump start a person in their treatment and recovery.
There are a variety of treatments that are offered for drug and alcohol recovery. Some of these options include:
Art therapy is a means of treatment that helps a recovering addict develop emotional awareness and understanding. This is accomplished through the creation and discussion of art and the emotions that works of art can portray. Art therapy is also an excellent type of coping strategy in that a recovering addict can channel their negative and problem emotions into a productive activity.
Family therapy is a form of addiction treatment that helps the recovering addict renew and repair bonds between themselves and their immediate family members. Relationships get strained and damaged when a person is abusing drugs or alcohol, and this treatment allows for family members to deal with their feelings regarding their loved one's addiction as well as to help create a strong, knowledgeable support system for the recovering addict to help them avoid relapse in the future.